Published studies & governmental reports
Animal numbers
Estimations of laboratory animal numbers in national regions where these are available, and globally.

Animal impacts
Studies describing the impacts affecting laboratory animals.

Human healthcare
Studies examining the contribution of animal experiments to various fields of human healthcare.

Studies reviewing replacement, reduction and refinement methodologies.

Biomedical education
Studies describing the harmful use of animals in life and health sciences education, and humane teaching methods, as well as studies reviewing and comparing the educational efficacy of each.

Shorter summaries of the key findings of other studies, particularly: the impacts experienced by laboratory animals, the level of human clinical and toxicological benefit accruing from animal research, and alternative biomedical research, toxicity testing and educational strategies.